The first 0-12 weeks of a woman’s pregnancy is called the first trimester. It is during this period that a woman’s body experiences drastic changes. To help you cope with it here are a list of the most common changes and discomforts and how to effectively deal with them.
Morning sickness and Nausea
The stretching of the uterine muscles and the pressure on the digestive tract due to the baby growing can cause increased stomach acids, the body reacts to this increase by releasing it through vomiting. As such, a woman’s sense of smell is on hyper drive during pregnancy; this can also increase irritability as well as the probability of vomiting.
Rejoice, for this doesn’t stay for the whole nine months. Usually the vomiting stops after the third month. And do not worry the vomiting doesn’t hurt the baby.
To help with morning sickness, try not too eat large meals, instead eat small frequent meals so that the stomach doesn’t get “shocked.” Also, studies show that a diet abundant in complex carbohydrates, like bread and other starchy food, and proteins can help alleviate morning sickness. However, try to avoid eating fatty food since these can aggravate the stomach.
The body, in its preparation for the arrival of the baby, releases progesterone and estrogen in higher levels than usual. These hormones send messages to the breast to produce more milk, this is in preparation for feeding the baby when it comes out.
The areolas will most likely enlarge and darken. Later on you may notice that these areas start to have white bumps. There may also be increased sensitivity in the breast area and you may also see blue lines along your breasts. These blue lines are only your blood vessels working hard to supply blood to your breasts.
Swelling may increase during the latter period of pregnancy; in this case you must use a good support bra of the right size to keep yourself feeling comfortable.
Shortness of Breath and fatigue
Pregnancy can cause fatigue and other emotional changes in a woman. You should know that even while you sleep, your body is feeding another living being. During pregnancy, you body needs more rest. Fatigue is normal, and should go away after the body gets used to it.
To decrease irritability and fatigue, try to get as much sleep as you can at night. The ideal length of sleep for an adult is eight hours, try to get this much every night.
A proper diet also helps with fatigue after all you’re feeding two people. One other reason for the fatigue may be the lack of vitamins and nutrients for the both of you. Take the vitamins that your doctor recommends and make sure you eat lots of nutrient-rich foods.
Exercise is also a big help. It doesn’t have to b hard exercise, a light jog or a slow walk is a great way to get exercise during pregnancy. But remember, a balance of exercise and rest is needed, since too much exercise or too much rest can also increase fatigue.
During pregnancy the heart is pumping harder to provide extra blood to the legs and the uterus, because of this a woman may experience dizziness due to the lack of blood flow into the brain. Low blood sugar levels can also contribute to dizziness. The best thing to do is to make sure that you eat protein rich food and frequent small meals.
The rapid growth of the uterus causes pressure on the other internal organs, this includes the bladder. Usually the frequency decreases when the uterus settles into the abdominal cavity. Frequent urination often decreases in the third trimester when the uterus drops back down to prepare for birth.
Try leaning forward while urinating in order to make sure that you empty your bladder completely, this can help to decrease the frequency of urination.
These are the more common discomforts during pregnancy. Being prepared early can help a lot during pregnancy. Be sure to have regular check-ups with your doctor to discuss your discomforts.